Home > Published Issues > 2023 > Volume 11, No. 1, March 2023 >
JOIG 2023 Vol.11(1): 21-25
doi: 10.18178/joig.11.1.21-25

Evaluation of Transfer Learning for Handwritten Character Classification Using Small Training Samples

Yoshihiro Mitani 1,* , Naoki Yamaguchi 1 ,Yusuke Fujita 2 ,and Yoshihiko Hamamoto 2
1. National Institute of Technology, Ube College, Ube, Japan
2. Graduate School of Sciences and Technology for Innovation, Yamaguchi University, Ube, Japan
*Correspondence: mitani@ube-k.ac.jp (Y.M.)

Manuscript received June 6, 2022; revised July 21, 2022; accepted August 11, 2022.

Abstract—In pattern recognition fields, it is worthwhile to develop a pattern recognition system that hears one and knows ten. Recently, classification of printed characters that are the same fonts is almost possible, but classification of handwritten characters is still difficult. On the other hand, there are a large number of writing systems in the world, and there is a need for efficient character classification even with a small sample. Deep learning is one of the most effective approaches for image recognition. Despite this, deep learning causes overtrains easily, particularly when the number of training samples is small. For this reason, deep learning requires a large number of training samples. However, in a practical pattern recognition problem, the number of training samples is usually limited. One method for overcoming this situation is the use of transfer learning, which is pretrained by many samples. In this study, we evaluate the generalization performance of transfer learning for handwritten character classification using a small training sample size. We explore transfer learning using a fine-tuning to fit a small training sample. The experimental results show that transfer learning was more effective for handwritten character classification than convolution neural networks. Transfer learning is expected to be one method that can be used to design a pattern recognition system that works effectively even with a small sample.

Keywords—small training sample sizes, handwritten character classification, transfer learning, fine-tuning, convolution neural networks

Cite: Yoshihiro Mitani, Naoki Yamaguchi, Yusuke Fujita, and Yoshihiko Hamamoto, "Evaluation of Transfer Learning for Handwritten Character Classification Using Small Training Samples," Journal of Image and Graphics, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 21-25, March 2023.

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.